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Find out more about the various applications of the Nanoscribe systems Photonic Professional and Quantum X.

A wide range of applications in research, prototyping and production processes

Nanoscribe’s 3D Microfabrication and maskless lithography systems are versatile tools that find applications in a wide range of scientific and industrial projects, thanks to their exceptional versatility, compatibility with a wide range of printable materials and user-friendly software tools.

The rapidly printable microstructures open up a variety of applications in research, prototyping, tooling and small series production. Thus, nano, micro and mesoscale structures can be used directly or serve as polymer masters for replication processes in industrial volume production.

Take a look at the 3D Microfabrication opportunities!

Refractive optics

Single microoptical elements, arrays with high fill factors up to 100% and almost arbitrary shapes such as spherical, aspherical and even freeform optics are directly printed in a rapid, tool-free and maskless process. With Nanoscribe systems you achieve smooth surfaces with excellent optical quality.

For 2.5D microoptics we recommend Nanoscribe Quantum X. This maskless lithography system fabricates nearly any imaginable design with excellent shape accuracy. Thanks to Nanoscribe’s Two-Photon Grayscale Lithography technology, microoptics are printed in a single layer by modulating the laser power according to the lens contour. This approach reduces print times drastically. Larger lenses are achieved as well with multiple layers.

Microoptics in 3D

Nearly any three-dimensional shape with optically smooth surfaces can be materialized with Nanoscribe high-resolution 3D printers. This effectively circumvents limitations imposed by mechanical tools and geometrical or process design constraints common to subtractive techniques. Single micro-lenses, freeform optics and compound lens systems can be printed without the need of post-print assembly of individual components.

3D microoptics materialize with ease by means of Nanoscribe Photonic Professional GT2. This device offers the world’s highest resolution 3D printing for rapid and ultra-precise microfabrication. A wide choice of suitable substrates include glass, silicon wafers, photonic and microfluidic chips. On-chip and on-fiber printing are possible.

Diffractive optics

The classical fabrication of diffractive optical elements (DOE) was quite time-consuming and costly owing to multiple lithographic, etching and alignment processes. With additive microfabrication multi-level DOE can be fabricated in one printing step, either as prototypes for direct use or as masters for tooling in volume production.

For DOE we recommend Nanoscribe Quantum X. This device offers a maskless lithography solution, meeting the high lateral and axial resolution needed in DOE. With the use of Two-Photon Grayscale Lithography, Quantum X directly fabricates multi-level diffractive optical elements in a single layer. Up to 256-level designs can be processed into discrete or quasi-continuous topographies in a cost-effective process.

Microfluidic elements

Various microfluidic elements such as filters, mixers and capillary pumps become feasible thanks to the advanced 3D Microfabrication capabilities of Nanoscribe systems. In addition, tailored topographies and smooth surfaces can be produced with high definition. Even sharp micro-needles and customized nozzles can be created to control small quantities of liquids, e.g., for the precise formation of jets.

For 3D microfluidics we recommend Nanoscribe Photonic Professional GT2. This device offers the highest resolution for additive manufacturing available on the market with feature sizes down to the submicron range. The additive approach overcomes technical challenges such as the fabrication of high-aspect-ratio patterns and high-surface-to-volume-ratio structures.


The field of mechanical metamaterials exploits the geometrical design freedom that determines mechanical properties, ranging from damage tolerance to ultralight weight and unusual twisting response. Design versatility in three dimensions is also crucial for the fabrication of mechanical parts with micrometer precision, such as springs, bearings and gears, as required in the watchmaking industry for instance.

The fabrication of mechanical parts benefits strongly from the submicron resolution and versatility of Nanoscribe's Photonic Professional GT2. Applications examples are auxetics, unfeelability cloaks and metamaterial crystals that respond to compression with a twist. Even remotely controlled movable micromachines can be printed with the device.

Mesoscale objects

Using Nanoscribe 3D Microfabrication, millimeter-sized polymer parts can be printed with micrometer features (or smaller) and print volumes of up to 100 mm³. Stent-like structures, filigree springs and mixers materialize with the advantages of high-resolution 3D printing.

The Photonic Professional GT2 is best suited for creating mesoscale objects of millimeter size. With this device, a classic 3D printing workflow takes just a few simple steps and starts with the import of an STL model. Ready-to-use recipes and Nanoscribe off-the-shelf materials support the time-optimized printing of bulky objects. Even multi-component designs are printed rapidly with a single printing step and without further assembly, shortening the design-to-prototype time.

Biomedical engineering

The full design freedom and submicron precision of Nanoscribe systems enable the fabrication of customized biomedical devices. With this technology, bio-inspired environments can be printed at sub-cellular scale for cell studies and lab-on-a-chip applications. Precision instruments required for minimally invasive operations can also be fabricated in a one-step process.

Benefit from the 3D printing capabilities of Nanoscribe Photonic Professional GT2 for biomedical applications. For example, our users commonly fabricate 3D scaffolds to study cell growth, migration or stem cell differentiation on biomimetic structures. The print materials range from biocompatible, cell binding/repelling, hydrophobic and hydrophilic polymers to hydrogels and functional resins containing nanoparticles.

Versatile microfabrication

Nowadays, in telecommunication applications as well as for photonic circuits and devices demand materials with tailorable optical responses. For example, metamaterials such as circular broadband polarizers or perfect absorbers for the mid-IR range were developed by means of 3D Microfabrication.

The ease of use and enormous design freedom of Nanoscribe's Photonic Professional GT2 make it the ideal technology for research. Its unique additive manufacturing approach boosts the fabrication of functional 3D nano- and microstructures. Delicate structures with dimensions typically on or below the length scale of the light wavelengths are feasible. As such, the technology is used specifically for producing photonic and plasmonic materials.

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